Manic depression is an extreme form of depression that requires a much more substantial line of treatment. Treating manic depression, as well as its symptoms and risks, necessitates a strong system of emotional, psychological and medical support, and often prescription medication.
What is Bipolar Disorder?
Manic depression, also known as bipolar disorder, is a form of depression that involves the same basic chemical imbalances found in depression. However, in manic depression, chemical imbalances are far more extreme. The intense, sudden changes in levels of chemicals like serotonin cause radical mood swings, irritability and restlessness, and can lead to severe delusions.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by shifts between deep depression, a normal mood and severe mania. Patients with the disorder run a greater risk of suicide and, because of the seemingly arbitrary mood swings, also bear a greater risk of misdiagnosis.
What are the Common Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?
Bipolar disorder combines symptoms of mania and depression. Some typical symptoms that come with depression are feelings of low self worth, restlessness and fatigue. Manic symptoms include feelings of extreme happiness, irritability, lack of sleep and unrealistic beliefs in one’s physical and mental capabilities.
Episodes can be brought on by drug abuse, sleeplessness and major life changes. Manic episodes can include hyperactivity, lack of self control and reckless behavior. These episodes will turn quickly and without warning to depressive in people with bipolar disorder.
What are the Common Treatments of Manic Depression?
Bipolar disorder is treated with a variety of different medications along with intensive therapy. The goal of treatment is to properly regulate brain chemistry in order to avoid the jump from one episode to another, as well as to prevent self-destructive behavior and suicide.
Mood stabilizing drugs are often used on patients with bipolar disorder. Additionally, anti-seizure and anti-psychotic medications are also prescribed. Antidepressants are sometimes used in addition to these alternative medications, but in many cases manic episodes are prioritized chemically because they are considered more dangerous than the depressive stages.
Regardless of the pharmaceutical methods undertaken, psychiatric therapy is an enormous part of symptom management and successful treatment. Because of the fragility of the brain’s chemistry, expert monitoring of mood and state of mind is critical when trying to regulate the flow of hormones and neurotransmitters.
Knowing the signs and symptoms of depression will help identify the different forms of the disorder.